The Blood Supply Lateral View. Blood transports oxygen and other nutrients necessary for the health of neurons, so a constant flow of blood to the brain must be. There are two paired arteries which are responsible for the blood supply to the brain; the vertebral arteries, and the internal carotid arteries. Anterior cerebral artery – supplies part of the cerebrum. Posterior communicating artery – branch of the internal carotid, this ‎Arterial Supply to the Brain · ‎Regional Blood Supply · ‎Clinical Relevance. These vessels are found on the surface of the brain and deep within the brain. The blood vessels (and nerves) enter the brain through holes in the skull called.


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The vertebral arteries and the ten medullary arteries that arise from segmental branches of the aorta provide the primary vascularization of the spinal cord.

Cerebral circulation - Wikipedia

These medullary arteries join to form the anterior and posterior spinal arteries Figure 1. If any of the medullary arteries are obstructed or damaged during abdominal surgery, for examplethe blood supply to specific parts of the spinal cord may be compromised.

The pattern of resulting neurological damage differs according to whether the supply to the posterior or anterior artery is interrupted. As might be expected from the brain blood supply of ascending and descending neural pathways in the spinal cord, loss of the posterior supply generally leads to loss of sensory brain blood supply, whereas loss of the anterior supply more often causes motor deficits.

Arterial Supply to the Brain - Carotid - Vertebral - TeachMeAnatomy

A View brain blood supply the ventral anterior surface of the spinal cord. At the level of the medulla, the vertebral arteries give off branches that merge to form the anterior spinal artery.

Approximately 10 to 12 brain blood supply arteries more Posterior Cerebral Artery The posterior cerebral arteries stem in most individuals from the basilar artery but sometimes originate from the ipsilateral internal carotid artery [Garcia JH et al.

The posterior arteries supply the temporal and occipital lobes of the left cerebral hemisphere and the right hemisphere.

The Blood Supply

When infarction occurs in the territory of the posterior cerebral artery, it is usually secondary to embolism from lower segments of the vertebral basilar system or heart. The most common finding is occipital lobe infarction leading to an opposite brain blood supply field defect. Lenticulostriate Arteries Small, deep penetrating arteries known as the lenticulostriate arteries branch from the middle cerebral artery Occlusions of these vessels or penetrating branches of the Circle of Willis or vertebral or basilar arteries are referred to as lacunar strokes.

National Stroke Brain blood supply, ] and have a high incidence in patients with chronic hypertension.


Venous drainage[ edit ] The venous drainage of the cerebrum can be separated into two subdivisions: The superficial system is composed of dural venous sinuseswhich have wall composed of dura mater as opposed to a traditional vein. The dural sinuses are brain blood supply located on the surface of the brain blood supply.

At the lower border of the pons the two vertebral arteries join together to form the basilar artery or vertebro-basilar artery.

Cerebral circulation

The vertebral arteries and the basilar are straight arteries and therefore not as subject to blockages due to the build up of cholesterol as are the internal carotids. The posterior inferior cerebellar not only supply the cerebellum but take blood to the lateral medulla.

Anterior and posterior spinal arteries the ventral brain blood supply dorsal medulla, respectively FitzGerald The three arteries are branches of the vertebral. The side of the pons and the cerebellum receive blood from the anterior inferior cerebellar artery and the brain blood supply cerebellar artery.

These arteries are branches of the basilar.

The anterior inferior cerebellar artery also has a branch, the labyrinthine artery, that supplies the inner ear. The basilar also gives off about twelve pontine arteries that supply the medial pons FitzGerald, At the superior border of the pons, the basilar artery divides to form the brain blood supply posterior cerebral arteries.


Before the basilar artery divides, several other arteries arise from it. These include the anterior, inferior, brain blood supply posterior cerebellar arteries as well as pontine branches.

So, the cerebellum and pons are supplied by branches of the basilar. The posterior cerebral arteries supply the part of the brain found in the posterior brain blood supply of the skull, including the medial area of the occipital lobes and the inferior aspects of the temporal lobes.

They also supply the midbrain and deliver blood to the thalamus and some other subcortical structures.


Blockages in this artery can affect the sense of smell, and cause cranial nerve damage, as well as visual problems, including visual agnosia, hemianopsia and alexia.