ORTHODOX CHURCH HISTORY PDF

The name Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía, IPA: [elinorˈθoðoksi ekliˈsia]), or Greek Orthodoxy, is a term referring to the body of several Churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek, Headquarters‎: ‎Various, but Constantinople is. Learn about the history and great epochs of Orthodoxy. The Orthodox Church believes that she has maintained a direct and unbroken. The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian church, with approximately – million members. As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, the Orthodox Church has played a prominent role in the history and culture  ‎Name and characteristics · ‎Organization and leadership · ‎Theology · ‎Worship.


ORTHODOX CHURCH HISTORY PDF

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ORTHODOX CHURCH HISTORY PDF


Nestorians thus rejected the union of God and man and Mary was considered the mother of a man not a god.

A History of the Orthodox Church: Outline

Council of Chalcedon in At the Council of Chalcedon in the second person of the Trinity, the son, was defined orthodox church history Orthodox Christians as having two natures, divine and human.

The Armenians, Egyptian Christians CoptsSyrian Orthodox Christians also known as Jacobites disagreed and believed that Christ has a single nature, consisting of two natures, with his humanity absorbed into his deity, a concept known as Monophysitism.

The Nestorians supported the Monophysite view but believed in sharper distinctions between the two natures and emphasized Christ's orthodox church history. The schism that resulted at Chalcedon stimulated the use of Syriac as an ecclesiastical language.

Greek Orthodox Church

By this time Christian scholars from Alexandria were in the minority and the conservative Greco-Roman Orthodox orthodox church history prevailed. Gaining strength was a mechanism that would remain orthodox church history central theme in Christianity: The Greek-speaking Orthodox churches excommunicated the Copts and Syrians because they didn't accept the Orthodox belief that Jesus was a true God and perfect man.

The decision was later overturned by Emperor Justinian on the urging of his wife Empress Theodora. Monophysites of Syria became known as Jacobites.

ORTHODOX CHURCH HISTORY PDF

Early Maronites were orthodox church history supporters of the Chalcedon view. Jacobite and Maronite monks battled one another, resulting in hundreds of deaths and the destruction of many monasteries.

Iconoclasm In the A.

ORTHODOX CHURCH HISTORY PDF

At one point all icons were destroyed in accordance with an imperial decree, and as a result four centuries of beautiful icons were orthodox church history and we now have the word "iconoclast," or icon smasher. Their opponents, know as "wooden worshippers," responded by pointing that the Orthodox church history Commandments were made years before Christ was born and therefore did not apply to Christ, Mary and the saints, who were all born after the commandments were made.

Worshiping images of Christ, Mary and the saints was forbidden.

At the height of the iconoclastic frenzy priests were lynched by mobs on the mere suspicion of being idol worshippers and the property of nuns was seized by the government. The Iconoclasts were eventually put down by Emperor Constantine VI, who was crowned at tho age of nine and dominated by his power-hungry mother.

Constantine hosted a religious conference where it was decided that idol worshipping was an acceptable form of religious expression, orthodox church history sculptures and bas-reliefs were "graven images" that were not to be tolerated.

The division grew gradually over a long period of time and was primarily over the issue of authority. In the 7th century Byzantines and Catholics disagreed on the orthodox church history of images and icons in the church.

Eastern Orthodox Church - Wikipedia

Rome favored them as objects of worship while the Patriarch in Constantinople was against them and still is in the form of statues. Constantinople was also very upset when Charlemagne was crowned head of Orthodox church history Roman Empire in the 9th century instead of a Byzantine emperor.

ORTHODOX CHURCH HISTORY PDF

From the beginning of this century, the Orthodox church history Church has been committed to the Ecumenical Movement. This quest for Christian unity is the orthodox church history attack on division since the early centuries of the Church.

The Patriarchate of Constantinople not only inspired the movement for unity with an encyclical inbut also was one of the co-founders of the World Council of Churches in The cause of Christian unity was a special concern of the late and beloved Patriarch Athenagoras.

He labored greatly to promote a renewed sense of collegiality among the various Orthodox Churches, as well as to inaugurate a true dialogue with the Roman Catholic Church.

In the yearthe Patriarch looked toward the future and declared: May the Lord of mercy send as soon as possible to our holy Eastern and Western Churches the grace of celebrating the Divine Eucharist anew and of communicating again together The common chalice stands out luminously on the horizon of the Church.