UFUGAJI WA NGURUWE PDF

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UFUGAJI WA NGURUWE PDF

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UFUGAJI WA NGURUWE PDF


Kisha kuachishwa kunyonya, familia mbili au tatu zinaweza kuishi pamoja mpaka msimu mwingine wa kujamiiana. Nguruwe hawana tezi za jasho, hivyo ufugaji wa nguruwe hujipoza kwa kutumia maji au matope wakati wa joto kali.

Pia hutumia matope kama njia ya kujikinga na kuunguzwa ufugaji wa nguruwe jua. Zaidi, matope huzuia wasiathiriwe na inzi na vijidudu. Nguruwe wanaofugwa nyumbani hukuzwa na wakulima kwa ajili ya nyama na ngozi.

Nywele zao ngumu hutumika pia kwa kutengeneza brashi.

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Baadhi ya spishi za nguruwe, kama vile wale wa Asia, "pot-bellied pig", huwekwa kama wanyama wa ndani wapenzi.

Chakula[ hariri hariri chanzo ] Nguruwe ni omnivora, yaani wanakula nyama na majani. Nguruwe hula mabaki na hujulikana kwa kula chakula chochote, kujumuisha wadudu, minyoo, magamba ya miti, takataka na ufugaji wa nguruwe nguruwe wengine.

UFUGAJI WA NGURUWE PDF

Wakiwa mwituni hula majani, nyasi, mizizi, matunda na maua. Kwa nadra, nguruwe wakiwa wanafugwa, huweza kula watoto wao kama wakichukizwa sana.

Nguruwe wa kawaida wana kichwa kikubwa chenye pua ndefu iliyoimarishwa kwa mfupa mgumu na mduara wa tishu ngumu ufugaji wa nguruwe. Bacteria cause any of the four following main problems.

Some bacteria produce enzymes that breakdown the cell walls ufugaji wa nguruwe plants anywhere in the plant.

Tovuti hii inatoa elimu ya Ufugaji na changamoto za magonjwa

Some bacteria produce toxins that are generally damaging to plant tissues, usually causing early death of the plant. Others produce large amounts of very sticky sugars; as they travel through the ufugaji wa nguruwe, they block the narrow channels preventing ufugaji wa nguruwe getting from the plant roots up to the shoots and leaves, again causing rapid death of the plant.

Finally, other bacteria produce proteins that mimic plant hormones. These lead to overgrowth of plant tissue and form tumours. Viruses mostly cause systemic diseases.

UFUGAJI WA NGURUWE PDF

Generally, leaves show chlorosis or change in colour of leaves and other green parts. Light green or yellow patches of various shades, shapes and sizes appear in affected leaves.

Mafunzo ya ufugaji wa kisasa wa nguruwe

These patches may form characteristic mosaic ufugaji wa nguruwe, resulting in general reduction in growth and vigour of the plant. Careful and continuous monitoring of pest and disease levels during critical times of growth of a crop is the key to successful ufugaji wa nguruwe.

This can be done through regular scouting of the field by the farmer.

Scouting pattern — Zig-Zag or M-shapped route through the field Scouting avoids unnecessary use of natural plant extracts. Limited use of these substances e.

Organic Farming | iam organic | FADECO

If the application of these substances is not regulated, many pest predators and parasitoids may ufugaji wa nguruwe killed as well. Over application of these substances may also lead to pests developing resistance.

Therefore, scouting should be planned and done in an organised way.

UFUGAJI WA NGURUWE PDF